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Imperialism refers to an era during the 19th century after the Industrial Revolution when more industrialized Western nations, including those in Europe and the United States, took control of other nonindustrialized nations, or colonies, around the globe. The primary motives of the Western nations can be grouped as political, economic, religious, ideological, and exploratory. Generally, Western nations took advantage of the preexisting authority of local leaders (indirect rule) and/or exerted control through coercion and force (direct rule). In most cases, Western nations brought modernization and infrastructure developments to their colonies, but often at a high cost to the local people and their traditions. Eventually, most colonies either gained or were granted independence, but many of these new nations are still struggling to achieve stability and self-sufficiency as compared to the countries that used to control them during the Age of Imperialism.
The year is 1913, and you are a member of your nation’s delegation to conduct a research study into the effectiveness and ineffectiveness of your nation’s imperial conquests. You will be assigned a national perspective, and as a group you will conduct a study in to your nation’s history as an imperial power in designated regions. The national group assignments are as follows:
Cavaliers -- Great Britain (Africa)
Conquistadors -- Great Britain (China and India)
Jacobins -- Anti-Colonial Movement
Praetorians -- France (Africa & Indochina)
Stosstruppen -- Germany (Africa)
Machiavellians -- Belgium (Africa)
1. Research the links provided under the Research heading (below). NOTE: You are not limited to these resources and you will need to search other websites than the ones provided, but they are a starting point.
2. Download the New Imperialism Webquest assignment here and answer the questions in each section that pertain to your research.
Although you may work on this webquest in your study groups, each person must turn in their own assignment worksheet!
3. Read the primary sources under the Reaction heading and summarize the arguments of each author (2-4 sentences) in your webquest assignment sheet.
4. Prepare a Panel Debate presentation.
Click here to download the New Imperialism Webquest assignment worksheet (or download the word doc here)
General Overview Links:
Scramble for Africa - http://www.wwnorton.com/college/history/ralph/resource/impafr.htm
Scramble for Africa - http://regentsprep.org/Regents/global/themes/imperialism/africa.cfm
Open Door Policy - http://www.smplanet.com/teaching/imperialism/#boxer
Statistics of Imperialism - https://www.mtholyoke.edu/acad/intrel/pol116/colonies.htm
The Atlantic (In Defense of Imperialism Article) - http://www.theatlantic.com/magazine/archive/2014/04/in-defense-of-empire/358645/
Rudyard Kipling - http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/kipling.asp
Lugard, Rise of our East African Empire - http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1893lugard.asp
John Hobson, the Economic Parasites of Imperialism - http://www.marxists.org/archive/hobson/1902/imperialism/pt1ch4.htm
Policies of the Pan-German League - http://www.fordham.edu/halsall/mod/1890pangerman.asp
Henry Labouchere, the Brown Man’s Burden - http://www.swans.com/library/art8/xxx074.html
John Stuart Mill - On_Colonies_and_Colonization.pdf
Anti-Colonial Movement in Africa
Boer War Concentration Camps
King Leopold's Ghost Book Summary
Panel Debate Presentation
The year is 1913, and you are a member of the representative institution of your country (ex. Parliament, Reichstag, etc.). Today you are debating the issue of Imperialism. In your study groups, take a stance on the following issues and prepare a speech that you will present before Parliament that outlines your position on the following issues:
• Has New Imperialism been a success or failure for your nation? (cite examples)
• What reasons does your nation have for continuing or discontinuing its imperialistic endeavors?
• What could be the consequences in Europe of continued Imperialistic pursuits?
• Does Imperialism cause unwanted competition with other European nations?
• Should your government continue to financially support the economic, militaristic, and socio-cultural goals of New Imperialism around the globe? Be specific in your argument as to WHY.
After each country has presented, your country’s delegation will have a chance to debate with other delegations about whether their countries have been right or wrong in their desire to imperialize the globe. (You will need a least a basic understanding of how their policies went in their empire.)
Each person must email their webquest assignment to the email@example.com address