United States History

Trial Role Assignments (Click Here)

Introduction:

     The year is 1950, and Revisionist Historians are putting President Harry S. Truman on trail for the deaths of hundreds of thousands of Japanese civilians through the use of the Atomic Bombs.  As historians you will have to either defend or convict Truman for his decision to drop the Bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


Charges:


      President Harry S. Truman is being charged with violating the agreements made at the Geneva Convention by using unnecessary force against Japan in the Atomic Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki.


Grading:


      This assignment is worth 250 pts


      Presentation (200 pts):

           Knowledge of the Historical Event and Debate topic (40 pts)

           Role in Court (60 pts)

           Careful consideration and presentation of the evidence (40 pts)

           Adequate preparation for the trial (40 pts)

           Courtroom Attire (either costumes or business attire) (20 pts)

          

      Lawyer and Witness Written Testimony & Evidence (50 pts):


           1. You will write a testimony that presents a summary of the facts, research, and evidence that supports your arguments from your characters’ historical perspective

           2. Your testimony should be 1-2 pages in length, and can contain relevant pictures, maps, graphs, or diagrams that supports your arguments (although your paper should still be a full 1-2 pages of written content)

           3. You should expect to bring in any relevant pictures, maps, graphs, and diagrams as separate pieces of evidence to present before the court (separate from your paper)


Trial Roles:

DEFENSE:

      • President Harry S. Truman (Defendant)

      • Traditional Historians (Defense Attorneys)

      •  Henry Stimson, Secretary of War

      • Col. Paul Tibbets, Pilot of the Enola Gay

      • J. Robert Oppenheimer, Head Scientist of the Manhattan Project

      • General Curtis LeMay, Allied Air Commander in the Pacific

      • Robert McNamara, Office of Statistical Control for the US Military

      • Louis Zamperini, American POW in the Pacific


PROSECUTION:

      • Revisionist Historians (Prosecuting Attorneys)

      • Emperor Hirohito

      • Hisatsune Sakomizu, Japanese Chief Cabinet Secretary

      •  Tsutomu Yamaguchi, survivor of both the Hiroshima and Nagasaki atomic bombings

      • Chicago Scientist, Manhattan Project Scientists who disagreed with the use of atomic bombs on human population

      • Admiral William Leahy, Commander of US Naval Forces in the Pacific

      • Franklin D’Olier, Chairman of the United States Strategic Bombing Survey

      • General Douglas MacArthur, Commander of US Ground Forces in Pacific


JURY


Jury Written Testimony & Evidence (50 pts):


           1. You will write a summary of the court procedings that discuses the facts, research, and evidence that supports your arguments from your characters’ historical perspective

           2. Your summary should be 1-2 pages in length, and can contain relevant pictures, maps, graphs, or diagrams that supports your arguments (although your paper should still be a full 1-2 pages of written content)

           3. You should include SPECIFIC DETAILS of the oral testimony from the trial and include a summary of the evidence presented by witnesses, including any relevant pictures, maps, graphs, and diagrams.



GONE FOR THE TRIALS?  BUMMER!  Click here to download the WAY less exciting make up assignment.


Atomic Bomb Mock Trials

Was the US justified in using the atomic bombs, or could other methods have been found?

Trial Introduction

Research Links