United States History

A Free Man's War:  Emancipation Proclamation


Introduction:

• The Emancipation Proclamation dramatically changed the nature of the Civil War.  Previously viewed as a war to restore Union, it could now be justified as an idealistic war for freedom for all Americans -- black or white.  The Rebel South that had previously tried to justify their war against the Union as a war for states’ rights now could only be seen as fighting to preserve the enslavement of 4 million people.


Process:

1. Divide into groups of 2-3.

2. Begin reading the sources listed below.

3. Answer the summary questions on the worksheet given in class (or you can

     download it here).


Web Materials:

Historical background to the Emancipation Proclamation

How President Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation Changed the War

PBS video on the Emancipation Proclamation

History Channel video on the Emancipation Proclamation

History Channel video on the 54th Massachusetts Regiment (all black Union unit)

History Channel video on the myth created by the South about the Civil War